Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya set up Banaras Hindu University, also known as BHU. He is an Indian Independence activist and an eminent lawyer. He always regarded education as the key and principal means to attain national awakening. He was also a firm believer in improving education.
In December 1905, at the 21st conference of India’s major and significant political party, The Indian National Congress, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, began a university in Varanasi. He pursued to form his vision to enhance the university. He also kept his aim to evolve with other Indian nationalists and educationists.
Malaviya issued his plan in 1911, and his objective was to research the existing poverty in India. As compared to Europeans, the income level of the Indian people was shallow. Therefore, the poor children in India couldn’t study. He was preparing to teach most of the subjects at the university. Some of them were India’s religion, Sanskrit, History, and Geography.
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya always visioned and hoped that all the poor children in India get a quality education. He also believed that the poor would be eradicated of poverty only when they get high caliber education in their own country.
Malaviya was very involved in the university and always thought about the subjects taught at the university. He also paid attention to the languages taught and how the university must be led and governed. In 1903, Annie Beasant donated Rs. 2,50,000 for the construction of the university hostel and campus. Malaviya had decided that the university would be open to all the students irrespective of who they were or where they came from. The university was accessible to every child all over the world. In 1907, Annie Beasant applied to get a royal charter for the foundation of the university. However, the British government did not react to the royal charter sought by Annie Beasant.
After issuing the plan to set up the university, Annie Beasant and Malaviya met. It was in 1911 that they both decided to construct the university in Varanasi.
Malaviya gave up his legal practice to prosper the university, and he devoted his entire time and energy to getting the university built. The Hindu University Society was registered on 22 November 1911. The objective of the society was to raise funds for the expansion and progress of the university. The society also had a responsibility to check on the university’s work and be led according to Malaviya’s vision.
For the preceding four years, Malaviya worked to get funds and support to make the university. He received support from the Maharaja Sir Rameshwar Singh Bahadur of Raj Darbhanga and the Kashi Naresh Prabhu Narayan Singh. Thakur Jadunath Singh of Arkham, along with other noble and prominent United Provinces’ houses, also donated and helped in its construction.
In October 1915, Malaviya was ready to inaugurate the Banaras Hindu University. With the Indian National Congress’s support, the BHU Bill was passed by the Imperial Legislative Council. Banaras Hindu University was finally founded in 1916. After the university was set up, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya became the first vice councilor. Banaras Hindu University is the first university in India, the private individual’s effort and vision. The university’s foundation was laid by Lord Hardinge on 4 February 1916, on the auspicious occasion of Vasant Panchami.